Improve resource assessment and spatial planning

Why is this gap important?

Wind farm planning, both onshore and offshore, will require enhanced sensitivity assessment of the surrounding environment to ensure long term turbine efficiency and attractive return on investment.

Technology solutions

Modelling production costs accurately is key for determining wind power economics. As penetration increases and electricity systems become more complex overall, it is important to minimise the uncertainties of modelling wind production. Model outputs can be refined and validated against measured data (TRL 11), and higher-resolution grid models can be developed as well as methods for estimating the economics of co‑locating renewables and storage. The site layout can also be optimised for better use of wind resources (TRL 11), and aerodynamic-wake effects can be minimised.

Countries should introduce and develop a range of wind integration studies over time, progressively scaling up granularity in time and space, and undertake regional interconnection studies with neighbouring countries.

Challenges include improving the accuracy of offshore pre-construction planning to accommodate seasonal and yearly wind resource variations/changes, and optimising the use of varying seabed conditions.

Colored bars represent the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of each technology. Learn more about TRLs