Advanced contribution of wind power to grid integration

Why is this gap important?

Wind power generation creates well-known challenges for electricity grids and power systems through its variability and uncertainty and distributed nature. Wind power plants in many cases already contribute to their own integration through a range of upgrades, but their contribution will need to be ramped up in the SDS through a combination of regulation and grid codes and more innovative solutions for providing ancillary services and other services related to dispatchability.

Technology solutions

With an increasing share in power generation, stable wind turbine behaviour both during standard operation and during faults becomes key. Solutions exist for enabling wind plant to 'ride' through faults (TRL 10), which will have to be introduced to new markets and retrofitted into older turbines at low cost. More fundamentally, advanced solutions will need to be developed including multi-scale integration of control systems from wind farm to local grids, or dynamic line ratings and other solutions that improve the capacity of dedicated power infrastructure for wind power. Wind power can provide advanced ramping services through solutions in the research pipeline, including through probabilistic wind ramp forecasting (TRL 8).

Multi-scale integration of control systems Readiness level:

Ramping services from wind power Readiness level:

Colored bars represent the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of each technology. Learn more about TRLs

What are the leading initiatives?

NREL is developing approaches to reduce integration costs by optimising energy, reserve and ramping services