In 2015, 193 Member States of the United Nations agreed as part of the Sustainable Development Goals on SDG 7, a specific goal to “ensure access to affordable, reliable and modern energy for all by 2030” – universal access to electricity and clean cooking. For nearly 20 years, the International Energy Agency has been at the forefront of international efforts to assess and understand the persistent energy access deficit and chart a pathway to Energy for All by 2030.
Achieving modern energy for all by 2030 is possible, bringing with it big benefits for minimal expenditure.
Our recently updated data on energy access available in World Energy Outlook-2019 show that progress has been made worldwide. The number of people without access to electricity dropped from almost 1 billion in 2017 to 860 million, a record in recent years. Meanwhile, latest data shows that the number of people without access to clean cooking solutions has been gradually declining, but still amounted to over 2.6 billion people globally in 2018.
To provide universal electricity for all, decentralised systems, led by solar PV in off-grid and mini-grid systems, will be the least-cost solution for over half of the total connections needed by 2030, but grid extension will still have a role to play, especially in urban areas. Achieving clean cooking for all relies primarily on the deployment of LPG, natural gas, electricity and ethanol in urban areas and a range of technologies in rural areas, including increasing the deployment of improved biomass cookstoves and biogas digesters.
Our work on Energy access
- Africa’s energy future matters for the world
7 November 2019
- 3 new IEA reports provide fresh insights into Southeast Asia’s energy future
30 October 2019
- Morocco and IEA co-host workshop on the future of clean cooking
11 September 2019